The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, which starting in 1920 gave way to the Kenya Colony.
Kenya obtained independence in December 1963, but remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
These communities formed the earliest city states in the region which were collectively known as Azania.
Bantu groups in Kenya include the Kikuyu, Luhya, Kamba, Kisii, Meru, Kuria, Aembu, Ambeere, Wadawida-Watuweta, Wapokomo and Mijikenda among others.
Remarkable prehistoric sites in the interior of Kenya include the archaeoastronomical site Namoratunga on the west side of Lake Turkana and the walled settlement of Thim Lich Ohinga in Migori County.
Some international trade organizations categorize Kenya as part of the Greater Horn of Africa. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century.
While travelling with a Kamba caravan led by the legendary long distance trader Chief Kivoi, Krapf spotted the mountain peak and asked what it was called.