State militias became the new nation's sole ground army, with the exception of a regiment to guard the Western Frontier and one battery of artillery guarding West Point's arsenal.
However, because of continuing conflict with Native Americans, it was soon realized that it was necessary to field a trained standing army.
The War of 1812, the second and last American war against Britain, was less successful than the Revolution had been.
Despite the Burning of York and Death of Tecumseh which caused his Indian confederacy to collapse, an invasion of Canada failed, and U. troops were unable to stop the British from burning the new capital of Washington, D. However, the Regular Army, under Generals Alexander Macomb and Samuel Smith, proved they were professional and capable of defeating the British army during the invasions of Plattsburgh and Baltimore, and the relatively small US Navy, often attached with Marines, earned most of the victory against the Royal Navy at sea.
For the Birder in you check out our Bird Watching tours.
We can hook you up on a birding hike or you can take a birding tour by kayak.
The army's major campaign against the Indians was fought in Florida against Seminoles.
It took long wars (1818–1858) to finally defeat the Seminoles and move them to Oklahoma. After most states in the South seceded to form the Confederate States of America, CSA troops opened fire on the Union-held Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, starting the war.
The United States Army (abbreviated USA stylised as U. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U. The army is headed by the Secretary of the Army, and the top military officer in the department is the Chief of Staff of the Army.
The Regular Army was at first very small, and after General St.
Clair's defeat at the Battle of the Wabash, the Regular Army was reorganized as the Legion of the United States, which was established in 1791 and renamed the "United States Army" in 1796.
With a decisive victory at Yorktown, and the help of the French, the Continental Army prevailed against the British.
After the war, though, the Continental Army was quickly given land certificates and disbanded in a reflection of the republican distrust of standing armies.